美因茨05vs汉诺威96 www.hsutd.com Smoke billows from a factory in Dezhou, Shandong province. [Photo/China Daily]

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment will carry out regular inspections to ensure the second national census on sources of pollution, which is due to wrap up by the end of the year, is carried out properly.

WeChat groups will be created both on the national and provincial levels to facilitate work, it said. Pilot surveys should be concluded by the end of June, and the formal census will be conducted from August to November. Results will be released in 2019.

The census aims to map out the country’s sources of pollution, and is essential to economic and environmental policy-making, the central government said previously.

About 9 million pollution sources around the country are expected to be surveyed. The last major survey was done 10 years ago.

According to the reshuffled Ministry of Ecology and Environment, its budget rose by more than 70 percent over its predecessor in the last year, reaching almost 12.2 billion yuan ($1.9 billion).

The budget for pollution control has more than doubled to 500 million yuan, and more than 70 percent will be used for the latest national census, the ministry said.

Discovering sources of pollution is getting increasingly challenging as the crackdown on pollution has intensified in the last few years, and that could influence the census, said Wang Jing, who works with China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation, a Chinese NGO devoted to environmental protection.

“During the past three years, we found that some factories dumped industrial waste in remote areas like deserts, or in places like pig farms, which makes it hard to spot. However it still has huge ecological consequences,” she said.

Ma Jun, director of the Institute for Public and Environmental Affairs, said the census is crucial as some businesses still lack credibility when it comes to pollution. “Local governments should fully realize its importance and cooperate to get a full picture of the country’s pollution sources,” he said.

China will roll out better services to facilitate exit and entry of people starting Feb 1, said the public security ministry on Monday. The new services include extending foreigners’ maximum residence period in China to five years.

The ministry said expatriates will be allowed to stay in China for up to five years. The current policies cap the time at three years.

Also, under the new policies, foreigners will be allowed to apply for a Chinese visa with a valid period of five years for multiple entries, up from the current limit of one year.

BEIJING – Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), presided over the first meeting of the central committee for deepening overall reform Wednesday.

The launch of deeper reform of the Party and state institutions marks a new stage for deepening reform in all areas, said Xi, also Chinese president, chairman of the Central Military Commission, and head of the central committee for deepening overall reform.

Deputy heads of the committee Li Keqiang, Wang Huning and Han Zheng attended the meeting.

The reform will further touch upon profound adjustment of interests patterns and changes of the system of institutions, Xi said.

With the reform becoming more complex, sensitive and onerous, Xi called for efforts to strengthen and improve the Party’s coordination and leadership over deepening reform in all areas, and incorporate the reform of institutions with the advancement of reform tasks.

This year marks the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening-up drive.

Transforming the former central leading group for deepening overall reform to the central committee for deepening overall reform is an important measure to improve the institutions and mechanisms by which the Party exercises leadership over major work, read a statement issued after the meeting.

Participants at the meeting approved a number of documents:

— work rules of the central committee for deepening overall reform as well as its special groups and general office;

— a guideline on further streamlining approval procedures;

— a plan to set up a financial court in Shanghai;

— a document on establishing a mechanism for China’s participation in international macro-economic policy coordination to improve international economic governance structure;

— plans for deepening reform and opening-up in pilot free trade zones in Guangdong, Tianjin and Fujian;

— a guideline to regulate the asset management businesses of financial institutions;

— a guideline on strengthening regulation over the investment of non-financial enterprises in financial institutions;

— a document on wage reform in state-owned enterprises;

— pilot reform plans on the sequence of on-duty police officers and technical police personnel;

— a document on deepening reform in review and evaluation of projects, talent and institutions;

— a document on improving integrity in scientific research;

— a document on strengthening Party building at public hospitals;

— a document on strengthening team building for mediators.

Attendees at the meeting also discussed a report on deepening reform of the disciplinary inspection and supervision system and the institutions of the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the national supervisory commission, as well as a report on the first round of inspection over environmental protection led by central authorities.

Workers are trained to use microscopes in Moheli, one of three major islands of Comoros, in 2007.Provided To China Daily

A drug derived from TCM has almost eradicated the illness in the African island nation, as David Blair reports.

Until recently, malaria not only destroyed lives in the East African island nation of Comoros, but also devastated the economy. However, a team of Chinese doctors from Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, cooperating with the Comoran government, has almost eradicated the disease.

“In 2010, more than 103,000 people got malaria – one out of every eight people – and 54 died,” said Affane Bacar, director of the National Anti-Malaria Project of the Ministry of Health of the Union of Comoros.

“Every year, more than 90 percent of families had someone who got malaria. If a family member gets the disease, they have to go directly to a health clinic at the hospital. Families had to pay around 40 percent of their annual income for this healthcare. It was a fortune,” he said.

The team from Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine in Guangdong province gave doses of Artequick, an artemisinin combination therapy, to a large portion of the population simultaneously, a technique known as mass drug administration. Artemisinin is a drug derived from traditional Chinese medicine.

By 2014, seven years after the program was introduced and then gradually expanded in Comoros, there were fewer than 2,000 cases of the disease and no malaria-related deaths in the country.

“Using the Chinese strategy, this disease has been solved, eliminated. Every family has saved a lot of money. The economic level of the country is not very rich. They can use this saved money to do other very, very important things – to develop their family, to give the children an education,” Bacar said.

In 2016, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria and 445,000 deaths worldwide. Ninety-one percent of those deaths were in Africa, according to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Malaria is also a serious problem in South Asia and parts of Southeast Asia.

More than 90 percent of the deaths from malaria are children age 4 or younger. On average, a child dies of malaria every 30 seconds in Africa, according to the World Health Organization.

Mass treatment

Traditional methods of dealing with malaria focus on mosquitoes – either trying to eliminate them or stopping them from biting people by using indoor spraying or distributing insecticide-infused sleeping nets. Mass drug administration, on the other hand, aims to eliminate the malaria parasite directly from the human population. Since malaria does not affect animals, eliminating it from humans can eradicate the disease.

“Our method is to use two to three rounds of mass drug administration to clear the parasites from a large portion of the human population, thus cutting the transmission cycle. Even though the mosquitoes exist, if the parasite is not carried by the population, the biting of mosquitoes will not transmit the disease,” said Deng Changsheng, who was in charge of the program’s fieldwork for eight years on two of Comoros’ three major islands.

“The second point is that MDA (mass drug administration) is given to all the population, whether infected or not. The infected patients with low parasite levels may not have symptoms, but they are a source of infections. A successful MDA can clear parasites from the human population.”

In 1974, Li Guoqiao, now chief professor at the Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, led the first clinical trial of artemisinin to treat outbreaks of malaria in the provinces of Yunnan and Hainan. Artemisinin cleared the parasites from the blood of malaria patients more rapidly than any other antimalarial drug.

Before going to Comoros, the team attempted to use a mass drug administration approach to fight malaria in a trial area in Cambodia. In three years, the malaria rate fell by 95 percent. However, it later went back up because the program did not cover a large enough portion of the population and the disease was reintroduced from outside.

In 2005, Li received an unexpected phone call. Cui Wei, a Chinese woman, had moved to Africa and settled in Comoros to try to get over her grief at the death of her only child. She saw Comoran children dying of malaria and wanted to help. Having read about Li’s work in Cambodia, she called and asked him and his team to visit Comoros. In response, the team traveled to the country and established good relations with the Comoran government.

President Xi Jinping shakes hands with Premier Li Keqiang during the 13th National People’s Congress at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on March 18, 2018. [Photo/Xinhua]

BEIJING – Newly-elected Chinese President Xi Jinping signed his first presidential decree to appoint Li Keqiang as premier Sunday morning during the ongoing session of China’s national legislature.

BEIJING — China is willing to push forward constructive dialogue and improve its relationship with the Vatican, an official with the country’s religious affairs department said Tuesday.

China and the Vatican have maintained contact, confirmed Xiao Hong, former spokesperson of the State Administration for Religious Affairs which was recently merged into the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee.

We have actively engaged in profound discussions about certain issues, Xiao said at a press conference.

China has always been sincere in wanting to improve relations with the Vatican and has continued to make efforts, she said.

Chen Zongrong, former deputy head of the administration, added at the same conference that the two sides have smooth and effective communication channels, through which issues can be discussed.

We also hope the Vatican will move in the same direction toward China, he said.

BEIJING – Chinese President Xi Jinping’s special representative Yang Jiechi will pay an official visit to South Africa from March 23 to 24, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson said Thursday.

Yang, who is a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, was invited by the government of South Africa, spokesperson Hua Chunying said.

Hua said Yang will meet the leaders of South Africa, and both sides will exchange views on bilateral ties, this year’s Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, and the Johannesburg Summit of the BRICS emerging-market bloc.

Yang’s visit is important and aims to promote bilateral ties and cooperation to benefit the two countries and the two peoples, Hua said at a regular press briefing.

This year marks the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries, Hua said, noting that China and South Africa have seen in-depth development of bilateral ties, featuring good momentum in political mutual trust, economic and trade cooperation, people-to-people exchanges and strategic collaboration.

China attaches great importance to developing relations with South Africa, and is willing to work together to deepen friendly cooperation in various areas and promote the comprehensive strategic partnership, Hua said.

Fugitive Guo Wengui is suspected of collusion with air traffic control and Hainan Airlines staff to obtain passengers’ personal information, according to Chinese police.

Guo, who is listed on the Interpol red notice of wanted fugitives, is also suspected of fabricating and distorting information to mislead the public, police said, citing a case on personal information infringement involving Guo.

Song Jun, 47, who had been working for civil aviation air traffic control for more than 20 years, and Ma Cong, from Hainan Airlines, were arrested by police in June this year for suspected personal information infringements in this case.

[Guo] betrays anyone for money, including the country and his loved ones, said Song, adding that his dealings with Guo have ruined his family.

Song first met Guo in 2009. In August 2015, Guo asked Song to provide flight information of several business passengers.

Guo, who had fled overseas at the time, said that he would like to better understand China’s economic situation through the travel information of entrepreneurs, Song said.

He promised to help me emigrate to Britain, purchase a house, and look after my daughter who was studying there, Song said.

Guo also attempted to collect personal information of political figures and celebrities from the Middle East and the United States, as well as their relatives, Song said.

From December 2015 to March 2017, Song and Ma shared 561 pieces of flight information concerning 146 Hainan Airlines passengers with Guo, police investigation showed.

Guo then fabricated stories using the flight information, claiming that the information had been provided by Ma Jian, former vice minister of state security, police said.

Guo created stories of love affairs between men and women who traveled on the same flight, Song said.

Police found Guo had released such stories via overseas media outlets and online video platforms.

Last month, a Chinese court ruled that Guo, who controlled Beijing Pangu Investment Co., Ltd., had directed three individuals to apply for loans from banks using fake contracts, stamps, and financial statements.

The three have received prison terms for fraudulently obtaining loans and foreign exchange.

Kaifeng People’s Procuratorate in central China’s Henan Province has also initiated a public prosecution against Guo’s Henan Yuda Real Estate Company and its employees, on charges of defrauding loans and bill acceptance.

About 1,000 Chinese are about to start a three-month road trip to Russia, the China National Tourism Administration said on Tuesday.

The event will begin in Hunan and Shaanxi provinces on June 28, with people from the two areas driving to Beijing for an opening ceremony on July 1.

Participants will then drive to Manzhouli, a city in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region that borders Russia. They will enter Russia on July 5 and attend a launch ceremony in Moscow.

After the ceremony, participants will be divided into three groups and take road trips along three different routes: Moscow to Ulyanovsk, a city about 900 kilometers east of the capital; Moscow to Kazan, capital of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia; and Moscow to St. Petersburg.

During their trips, participants will visit a series of red tourism destinations, including the former residence and the tomb of Vladimir Lenin, a Russian communist revolutionary and politician, and a building near suburban Moscow where the sixth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in 1928, which is now a museum.

Xue Yaping, a senior official with the administration, said the event has been organized to boost exchanges and cooperation between China and Russia on red tourism, while deepening ties between people in the two countries.

Tourism authorities and associations in Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Hunan and Shaanxi, as well as travel agencies and car rental companies in Beijing, are supporting the event, Xue said.